For his son, the American World War II general, see Simon Bolivar Buckner, Jr.

Simon Bolivar Buckner

30th Governor of Kentucky

In office
August 30, 1887 – September 2, 1891

Lieutenant
James Bryan

Preceded by
J. Proctor Knott

Succeeded by
John Y. Brown

Personal details

Born
(1823-04-01)April 1, 1823
Hart County, Kentucky

Died
January 8, 1914(1914-01-08) (aged 90)
Hart County, Kentucky

Resting place
Frankfort Cemetery, Frankfort, Kentucky

Political party
Democratic
National Democratic

Spouse(s)
Mary Jane Kingsbury
Delia Claiborne

Children
Simon Bolivar Buckner, Jr.

Residence
Glen Lily

Alma mater
United States Military Academy

Profession
Soldier, newspaper editor

Religion
Episcopal

Signature

Military service

Allegiance
United States of America
Confederate States of America

Service/branch
United States Army
Kentucky State Guard
Confederate States Army

Years of service
1844–1855 (USA)
1858–1861 (Kentucky State Guard)
1861–1865 (CSA)

Rank
Captain (USA)
Major General (Kentucky State Guard)
Lieutenant General (CSA)

Unit
2nd U.S. Infantry Regiment
6th U.S. Infantry Regiment

Commands
Fort Donelson (temporary) 
2nd Division, 2nd Corps
District of the Gulf
Third Corps, Army of Tennessee
Department of East Tennessee
District of Arkansas and Western Louisiana

Battles/wars

Mexican–American War
American Civil War

Battle of Fort Donelson
Battle of Perryville
Battle of Chickamauga

Simon Bolivar Buckner (April 1, 1823 – January 8, 1914) was an American soldier and politician who fought in the United States Army in the Mexican–American War and in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. He later served as the 30th Governor of Kentucky.
After graduating from the United States Military Academy at West Point, Buckner became an instructor there. He took a hiatus from teaching to serve in the Mexican–American War, participating in many of the major battles of that conflict. He resigned from the army in 1855 to manage his father-in-law’s real estate in Chicago, Illinois. He returned to his native state of Kentucky in 1857 and was appointed adjutant general by Governor Beriah Magoffin in 1861. In this position, he tried to enforce Kentucky’s neutrality policy in the early days of the Civil War. When the state’s neutrality was breached, Buckner accepted a commission in the Confederate Army after declining a similar commission to the Union Army. In 1862, he accepte
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